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PRP: Modern Tool for Cellular Repair

PRP: Modern Tool for Cellular Repair
PRP: Modern Tool for Cellular Repair

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is an innovative treatment method that has garnered significant attention in the medical world in recent years and is used in various fields. With its ability to promote cellular repair, it finds application in a wide range of areas from aesthetics to orthopedics. In this article, we will delve into the definition, treatment processes, and applications of PRP.

1. What is PRP and How Does It Work?

Definition and Preparation of PRP

PRP is a type of plasma obtained by concentrating platelets from the patient's own blood. Platelets are cells that initiate and accelerate the body's healing process in case of injury. These cells contain special proteins called growth factors, which promote tissue healing and cellular repair.

The preparation of PRP is a simple yet meticulous process. First, a small amount of blood is drawn from the patient. This blood sample is then processed in a centrifuge device. The centrifugation process separates the components of the blood, resulting in platelet-rich plasma. The result is plasma with a platelet concentration approximately 5-10 times higher than normal blood.

Mechanism of Action of PRP

The effectiveness of PRP stems from the high concentration of growth factors it contains. These growth factors promote cellular repair processes in various ways:

  • Tissue Healing: Growth factors accelerate the formation of new cells, enabling the regeneration of damaged tissues.

  • Collagen Production: PRP increases the production of collagen, which is the fundamental component of the skin and connective tissue.

  • Reduction of Inflammation: PRP regulates inflammatory processes, speeding up the healing process and reducing pain.

  • Cellular Migration and Proliferation: PRP encourages fibroblasts and other repair cells to migrate to the damaged area and promotes their proliferation.

2. PRP Treatment Process

Pre-Treatment Evaluation and Preparation

Before starting PRP treatment, the patient's overall health and suitability for the treatment are evaluated. At this stage, the patient's medical history, current health issues, and medications are reviewed. PRP treatment is generally not suitable for patients with bleeding disorders or those on blood-thinning medications.

Application Methods and Techniques

PRP treatment can be applied using different techniques depending on the area and purpose of treatment:

  • Skin Rejuvenation and Aesthetics: Used for treating wrinkles, sagging, and skin spots on the face, neck, and hands. PRP is applied directly under the skin using microneedling or injection methods.

  • Orthopedic Issues: Used for treating muscle and joint injuries, tendonitis, and osteoarthritis. PRP is injected into the damaged area under ultrasound guidance.

  • Hair Loss: Used for treating androgenetic alopecia (male pattern hair loss) and other types of hair loss. PRP is injected into the scalp.

Post-Treatment Care and Recovery Process

After PRP application, mild swelling, redness, and tenderness may be observed in the treated area. These symptoms usually subside on their own within a few days. During the post-treatment period, it is important for patients to avoid strenuous physical activities and to protect the treated area as advised by the doctor.

The results of PRP treatment can vary depending on the treated area and the purpose of the treatment. Generally, results for skin rejuvenation and hair loss treatments become visible within a few weeks, while complete recovery in orthopedic treatments may take several months.

3. Applications and Advantages of PRP

Aesthetics and Dermatology

PRP is widely used in aesthetic and dermatological treatments. It provides effective results in solving many aesthetic problems such as skin rejuvenation, wrinkle reduction, correction of skin tone irregularities, and treatment of acne scars. Additionally, the natural aspect of PRP treatment is a major advantage as it avoids exposing patients to chemical or synthetic substances.

Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Orthopedic injuries and sports injuries are among the most common applications of PRP treatment. Tendon, ligament, and muscle injuries can heal faster with PRP treatment. Particularly in cases of tendonitis and ligament tears seen in athletes, PRP treatment offers a non-surgical solution and helps athletes return to the field faster.

Hair Loss Treatment

Hair loss, especially androgenetic alopecia, affects many people worldwide. PRP treatment reduces hair loss and promotes new hair growth by strengthening hair follicles and revitalizing hair roots. This treatment method can be used in conjunction with hair transplantation procedures or on its own.

Advantages and Risks

PRP treatment has several advantages:

  • Natural and Safe: Since PRP is obtained from the patient's own blood, the risk of allergic reactions is minimal.

  • Fast Recovery: PRP speeds up the healing process, allowing patients to return to their daily lives more quickly.

  • Wide Range of Applications: It provides effective results in many areas such as aesthetics, orthopedics, and dermatology.

However, there are some risks and limitations associated with PRP treatment. Infection, pain, or temporary discomfort may occur at the injection site. Additionally, not every patient may be suitable for PRP treatment, and in some cases, desired results may not be achieved.


PRP treatment is a modern and innovative method that promotes cellular repair and healing processes. Providing effective results in areas such as aesthetics, orthopedics, and hair loss, PRP is also preferred for its natural and safe nature. However, like any treatment method, the risks and limitations of PRP should be considered, and patients should undergo a thorough evaluation before starting the treatment process. Research on the potential and application areas of PRP continues, and it is expected to be used even more widely in the future.

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