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Use of PRP in Oral Surgery

Use of PRP in Oral Surgery
Use of PRP in Oral Surgery

Oral surgery encompasses surgical interventions aimed at maintaining and correcting the health of the teeth and oral structures. In this field, various innovative methods have been developed to accelerate the healing process and improve treatment outcomes. One such method is the application of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP). PRP has become a frequently preferred treatment method by oral surgeons, especially in recent years. In this article, we will examine the use of PRP in oral surgery under three main headings: accelerating the healing process, increasing the success of bone grafts, and supporting soft tissue regeneration.

1. Accelerating the Healing Process with PRP in Oral Surgery

PRP is considered an effective method for accelerating the healing process. The basis of PRP application is the concentration of platelets obtained from the patient's own blood, which then release growth factors that contribute to the healing process. These growth factors accelerate the healing of injured tissues and reduce inflammation.

Impact on the Healing Process

After interventions in oral surgery, such as tooth extraction, implant placement, or bone graft operations, wound healing is a critical process. When PRP is applied to the wound area during this process, it promotes cell proliferation and tissue regeneration due to the high amount of growth factors it contains. As a result, the patient heals faster and the risk of complications decreases.

Clinical Studies and Results

Clinical studies have shown that PRP significantly shortens the wound healing time and increases patient comfort. For example, in patients treated with PRP after tooth extraction, faster epithelialization and less postoperative pain have been reported. Additionally, it has been observed that PRP reduces the risk of infection.

2. Increasing the Success of Bone Grafts

Another frequently utilized application in oral surgery is bone grafts. Bone grafts are used particularly to increase inadequate bone volume before dental implant placement. However, the successful integration and stabilization of the graft material are not always guaranteed. This is where PRP plays a crucial role.

Effect of PRP on Bone Regeneration

PRP supports the process of osteogenesis due to the growth factors it contains. Adding platelet-rich plasma to the bone graft material increases the activity of osteoblasts (bone-forming cells) and promotes new bone formation. This facilitates faster and more effective integration of bone grafts.

Clinical Applications and Success Rates

Clinical data show that the success rates of bone grafts increase significantly when used in conjunction with PRP. Especially in challenging procedures like sinus lifting and alveolar ridge augmentation, PRP application accelerates the stabilization of the graft and the formation of new bone. This contributes to the increased success of implants.

3. Supporting Soft Tissue Regeneration

Oral surgical interventions affect not only bone tissue but also soft tissues. The healing of soft tissues is crucial following gum diseases, traumas, or surgical procedures. PRP emerges as an effective treatment method in this area as well.

Gum and Soft Tissue Health

PRP is used in the treatment of gum diseases and soft tissue regeneration. Growth factors released from platelets promote fibroblast proliferation and increase collagen production. This results in positive outcomes in the treatment of gum recession, gingival recession, and periodontal pockets.

Clinical Outcomes and Patient Satisfaction

PRP application not only accelerates the healing process after gum surgeries but also improves aesthetic outcomes. Especially in gum grafts, the use of PRP ensures faster adaptation of the graft and achievement of a natural appearance. This increases patient satisfaction.


The use of PRP in oral surgery offers numerous advantages, such as accelerating the healing process, increasing the success of bone grafts, and supporting soft tissue regeneration. This innovative method provides significant benefits for both surgeons and patients. PRP applications are becoming increasingly widespread in various areas of oral surgery and significantly improving treatment outcomes. The potential of PRP to become a standard procedure in future oral surgery applications is promising.

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